Blepharitis is a chronic inflammation of the eyelid margin (at the root of the eyelashes).
The free edge is the area where the skin meets the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that lines the inner surfaces of the eyelids and the white of the eye.
The free edge contains the root of the eyelashes, as well as a number of glands, including the Meibomian glands. These fatty secretions form the basis of tears.
The tear film plays an essential role in protecting and nourishing the eyes.
Crusts In BLEPHARITIS, the edges of the eyelids become reddish and slightly swollen. In some cases, scaling and crusting may appear at the base of the eyelashes. When the meibomian glands are not functioning properly, or are blocked, the tear film is affected. Dry eyes develop, characterised by red, irritated eyes. A blocked gland can lead to chalazion, a hard ball in the eyelid.

Apply warm compresses. By dilating the vessels, heat stimulates blood circulation and speeds up healing.
In addition, the heat will help to flush out the blocked glands in the eyelids by liquefying their contents.
Place a warm compress over both eyes when closed for 3-5 minutes. Be careful not to burn yourself.

To unblock the glands, it is recommended to massage the eyelids.
Look upwards for the lower eyelid massage, downwards for the upper eyelid massage.
Place your index finger parallel to the edge of the eyelids, close to the lashes. While pressing, gently rub the eyelids with small lateral movements.
The basis of the treatment is good daily eyelid hygiene.
By keeping the edge of the eyelids as clean as possible, the gland openings are freed up, the risk of superinfection is reduced and the inflammation is calmed.

It is recommended to clean the eyelids every day, morning and evening, to prevent relapses.

Use suitable products (lotion or gel). Ask your specialist for advice. The key to success lies in the attention and regularity you give to your treatment.
For dry eyes, artificial tears are recommended. Preferably use preservative-free eye drops to prevent allergic or toxic reactions.
In the case of an infection, your specialist may prescribe antibiotics in addition to these hygiene measures. In the case of severe inflammation, he will switch for short periods to a corticosteroid.

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